Category: Introductory Clauses Delft 2021

  • SEDE

    Motion for a Resolution by

    The Committee on Security and Defence (SEDE)

    The United States’ inability to detect and disrupt the interferences in the 2016 presidential election was a demonstration of how new information technologies might affect our decision-making. How should the EU and its Member States work against information warfare and ensure the stability of our democracy?” 

    Submitted by: Iona Lindsay (UK, Chairperson), Thea Tjolle (UK, Chairperson)

    The European Youth Parliament,

    1. Conscious of EU’s increasing vulnerability to cyber attacks,
    2. Deeply disturbed by how cyber attacks have influenced European democracy, most notably in the UK, the Netherlands and Italy,
    3. Conscious that cyber attacks can be extremely difficult to trace and punish,
    4. Noting with regret the inefficient organisation of the EU’s Rapid Alert System,
    5. Acknowledging the importance of openly sourced and objective information in the proper functioning of a democracy,
    6. Alarmed by the cheap, rapid and widespread propagation of false information on social media,
    7. Acknowledging European law forbids European analysts from calling out or debunking propaganda involving fake news produced in European media,
    8. Anxious about the existence of internet bubbles created by ‘echo chamber’ algorithms that prevent user exposure to diverse content,
    9. Unnerved by the lack of meaningful cooperation between EU Member States, social media sites and other relevant actors to solve cyber security related problems;

  • ITRE

    Motion for a Resolution by

    The Committee on Industry, Research and Technology (ITRE)

    Atomic future? “Accounting for over half of the EU’s carbon-free electricity, nuclear power is regarded by some as a key component of a sustainable energy production model. With divergent energy policies among Member States and an increasingly negative public opinion towards nuclear power, what stance should the EU adopt on the usage of nuclear power?” 

    Submitted by: Thomas Celie (NL, Chairperson) and Pien Pelt (NL, Chairperson)

    The European Youth Parliament,

    1. Anxious of Member States failing to achieve the goals set in the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement[efn_note]IPCC, 2018: Global Warming of 1.5°C.An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, H.-O. Pörtner, D. Roberts, J. Skea, P.R. Shukla, A. Pirani, W. Moufouma-Okia, C. Péan, R. Pidcock, S. Connors, J.B.R. Matthews, Y. Chen, X. Zhou, M.I. Gomis, E. Lonnoy, T. Maycock, M. Tignor, and T. Waterfield (eds.)]. In Press.[/efn_note],
    2. Emphasising the importance to go carbon neutral[efn_note] Institute for Economics & Peace. Ecological Threat Register 2020: Understanding Ecological Threats, Resilience and Peace, Sydney, September 2020. Available from: http://visionofhumanity.org/reports (accessed 10 January 2021)[/efn_note],
    3. Keeping in mind the existing measures aimed towards maintaining the safety, as well as limiting the misuse of nuclear material[efn_note]Ciucci, M. (2020, November). Nuclear energy: Fact Sheets on the European Union: European Parliament. Retrieved January 10, 2021, from https://www.europarl.europa.eu/factsheets/en/sheet/62/nuclear-energy[/efn_note],
    4. Aware of dangers and challenges that come with the use of nuclear energy including:
      1. dangerous nuclear waste, and its long-term management 
      2. the fear of disaster instilled in the public by previous nuclear accidents (e.g.,  Fukushima, Chernobyl)[efn_note]Kharecha, P. A., & Hansen, J. E. (2013). Prevented Mortality and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Historical and Projected Nuclear Power. Environmental Science & Technology, 47(9), 4889-4895. doi:10.1021/es3051197[/efn_note]
      3. the low level of factual information circulating in the public sphere
      4. the possibility of nuclear proliferation[efn_note]What Is Nuclear Proliferation? (2020). Retrieved January 10, 2021, from https://world101.cfr.org/global-era-issues/nuclear-proliferation/what-nuclear-proliferation[/efn_note],
    5. Observing the lack of initiative from organisations and investment plans such as EDGIP[efn_note]Nuclear Power in the European Union. (2020). Retrieved January 10, 2021, from https://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/country-profiles/others/european-union.aspx[/efn_note] in financing the construction of highly advanced but expensive nuclear power plants, 
    6. Noting the current low priority status of research on safer and more efficient nuclear power plants, like thorium reactors[efn_note]Thorium. (2020, November). Retrieved January 10, 2021, from https://world-nuclear.org/information-library/current-and-future-generation/thorium.aspx[/efn_note],
    7. Emphasising the current disadvantages of renewable energy sources such as:
      1. the inefficiency of the currently available methods
      2. the high price tag that is attached to implementing these methods
      3. the relatively high mortality caused by accidents during the production, installment and maintenance of hydro, solar and wind energy facilities;

  • ENVI

    Motion for a Resolution by

    The Committee on Environment, Public Health and Safety (ENVI)

    The extent of liberty: As of October 2020, a near 4 million COVID-19 cases have been reported in the EU/EEA and the UK. Anticipating the introduction of a vaccine in 2021, how should the EU tackle the issue of anti-vaccination and enforcement of public health norms whilst respecting citizens’ freedom of choice?

    Submitted by: Ninni Issakainen (FI, Chairperson)

    The European Youth Parliament,

    1. Concerned by the fact that European Union (EU) has lower confidence in vaccines than other regions of the world,
    2. Aware of the variation in vaccine confidence among Member States,
    3. Recognizing that vaccine hesitancy and misinformation are substantial obstacles to achieving high vaccine coverage and herd immunity,
    4. Pointing out that trust in information from government sources affects the likelihood of a person to accept a vaccine,
    5. Noting that mandatory vaccination schemes do not necessarily lead to higher rates of vaccine coverage,
    6. Stressing the role of online platforms in spreading disinformation and consolidating a negative public image about the COVID-19 vaccination,
    7. Observing the criticism on limitations the Code of Practice on Disinformation as a measure against the spread of misinformation online,
    8. Believing that the most common concern linked to the COVID-19 vaccine is its safety,
    9. Affirming European citizens Freedom of Expression as outlined in Article 10 of European Convention on Human Rights

  • EMPL

    Motion for a Resolution by

    The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (EMPL II)

    A 2018 Eurostat survey revealed that 16.5% of the 20-34 olds in the EU were neither in employment nor in education and training (NEETs). Taking into account the tendency towards automatization and digitalization of jobs, especially in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, how should the EU facilitate the integration of youth into a more competitive labour market?

    Submitted by: Bakir Haljevac (BA, Chairperson)

    The European Youth Parliament,

    1. Deeply concerned about the recurrence in the rise of youth unemployment, as seen in the years after the Great Recession,
    2. Appreciating the positive impact of the Youth Guarantee Programme tackling youth unemployment by providing approximately 5 million people per year with a job offer since 2014,
    3. Having examined an unequal recovery of youth employment after the Great Recession within the Member States with southern countries such as Greece, Spain and Italy having a higher youth unemployment rate in 2019 than before 2008,
    4. Noting that there will be a lower demand for low-skilled jobs in the future, 
    5. Aware of the extra costs incurred by Member States due to unemployment benefits for redundant workers, 
    6. Concerned that young employees
      1.  are facing difficulties in entering the job market
      2.  are more likely to be laid off than employees with more experience,
    7. Acknowledging that 11% of young employees lost their jobs during the pandemic and 12% consider it likely to lose it in the coming months, compared to respectively 8% and 9% of workers over 30;